The perception that people have of the nature of changes and transformations iii the environment is associated with both the phenomenon of culture and society and also with the processes of change. Theoretical models have been suggested which may indicate some of the influences upon the transformations of both public and private space and the relationship between people and the environment in particular situations. Although theoretical models tend to be structured in a rational way, the process of transformation can also be perceived to an extent in either an experiential or narrative manner. A discussion on that basis can be developed in the context of a study of the significance of cross cultural influences and ethnicity. This can provide useful indications of the comparative changes which occur in cultural and environmental transformations. By this means recognition of the diversity, of' cultural identities in specific situations can be made. This form of analysis has over the years been one of the reference points for research into aspects of cultural studies. The view of social change and environmental transformation which is produced by this type of analysis is then set in the context of temporal and spatial factors. The perception of change suggested by a narrative understanding of tile processes of change is more ethereal and may be symbolic. An ambivalence is perceived when tradition and thoughts on the nature of decay are put into the context of transformations. This may be due to the nature of the phenomenon involved so that in particular situations there is an exchange of functions between imagination, memory and perception. Observations of these processes of change when considered in terms of the structured rationalisation of theoretical models clearly can often indicate a lack of awareness of the subtleties involved. One view that has attempted to resolve the ambiguity of the relationship between structural rationalism and cultural values is that whereas structuralism indicates that, in general, experiential values can not be tile ground of evaluative study, experience can on the other hand be based upon cultural frameworks.