Affective qualities of russian and dutch townscapes and landscapes were assessed by a russian (n36) and a dutch (n=32) group. The assessment was based on the theory of Schwartz that eleven categories of feelings are necessary and sufficient to describe people's affective reactions to environments. These feelings were used in a questionnaire. Sixteen environments were assessed by the two groups. The environments varied on four variables: country (Russian and dutch), geography (town and countryside), historicity (old and modern), and naturalness (with much or little green). Although a common affective structure exists, there are many differences, both in quantity and in weight of feelings. Notably the feelings of power and responsibility work different in both groups. The main conclusion is that it appears possible to investigate affective qualities of environments in a systematic and an objective way.