This research is a preliminary step in an attempt to develop a comprehensive and flexible instrument for the assessment of the quality of life in rehabilitated urban areas. The main purpose is to verify if some characteristics of a rehabilitated urban environment are able to influence the residents' evaluation of quality of life. It is, at the same time, a discussion of the feasibility of such a project, and of directions that further work might take. While methods to assess quality of life in rehabilitated urban are as yet imperfect, and are unfamiliar to planners and other professionals engaged in the field of interaction between people and their physical environment, they add useful information to evaluations of rehabilitation's, strengths and weaknesses of the living quality of urban areas in terms of their infrastructural resources, environmental health risks perceptions, human well-being, place attachment and social integration. Some polluted zones of the north of France coal-basins diminishes the quality of life of their residents, while physical and economic regeneration are able to improve it. In evaluating the quality of life in rehabilitated urban area, it is important to account for all these effects. So, the first part of this tool focuses on the objective characteristics of the rehabilitated urban settings: economic, cultural, environmental, pollution or equipment indicators (health, education, transport and leisure). Twentyfour urban settings were explored in six cities of the north of France. 192 Protocols were collected. The objective of the second part of this instrument is to determine the subjective perceptions of the rehabilitated urban setting residents about their quality of living. 480 Volunteers habitants were spread out at random in six cities, according to their urban settings and responded to the questionnaire. It was composed of five sections. The results of the statistical analysis underline the relevance to differentiate objective and subjective indicators of quality of life. Resident-level perceptions should be based on explicit consideration of quality of life. Consequently, quality of life assessment in rehabilitated urban areas should become an integral part of urban evaluation: it enhances the quality of life in rehabilitated polluted site.