Environmental quality comes increasingly at the top of the list of reasons for choice of residential area. Furthermore, it is a main stimulating factor for place attachment or, in the negative sense, for migration and population decline. This hypothesis is in the focus of my argumentation on environmental perception and place attachment. In the frame of urban ecological structural change the perception of environmental quality plays an important role, when it comes to initialization of concrete projects and participation by the inhabitants. To improve the environmental conditions and to take care of it (e.g. green spaces, playgrounds, resting places), one should know the needs, the wishes and the dissatisfaction of the residents with regard to their housing conditions. Sociological investigations, combined with data analysis on distribution of air and noise pollution in an Geographical Information System (GIS), is an instrument to get spatial informations on environmental potentials and the residents' perception. Investigation results in urban residential areas with different building and social structures and specific surrounding features show chances and difficulties of concrete actions at the local level. The starting point must be the understanding of the close links and interdependencies of built, social and natural environment. Survey-results on housing satisfaction with respect to the environmental conditions will be discussed, in relation to urban ecological aspects. An interdisciplinary approach, with cooperation of sociologists, geographers, cartographers and natural scientists, will be presented. The research results will be presented also in visual forms by maps and photo-documentation.