The alliance between policy makers, planners and designers in the planning process often results in the implementation of policies by relying on regulations and if necessary coercion. This situation has resulted in the mismatch between intentions and outcome of physical development. This paper studies the planning and implementation of the master plan of Dodoma in Tanzania. The study includes reviews of the planning process, the extent of the plan implementation and interviews with both planning officials as well as the users of the built environment. The investigation showed that plan implementation was slower than expected. The shortfall in physical achievement was in part due to the fact that the actual users and builders of the environment could not participate ill the planning process. The planning of Dodoma was preceded by clear objectives outlined by the government which, as the client of the project, had anticipated specific town planning solutions for the development of the capital. Planners tried to cope with the programmatic objectives by searching for general solutions not sanctioned by the effective users and builders of Dodorna. As such, building became problematic because of the need to maintain the whole concept of physical development over time irrespective of changing day to day conditions.