"A comparative research project in Sweden and France concerning environmental conceptualization in children of different ages indicates that their emotional investment in the environment differs considerably. The differences might have to do with differing models of interaction between children and adults as well as with differing ideals set by the adults of these cultures for children's attitudes towards the environment. The very concept of childhood might be concerned as children seem to be "made" to attach themselves on one hand "freely" to the surrounding physical environment and on the other hand explicitly by way of the social context, both of which strategies would be related to psycho-social norms in the children's cultures. The two different "strategies" in Sweden and in France adopted by the young child early in life indicate that they could be a matter of enduring emotional involvement. Some reflection will be presented on how - as a consequence of these "strategies" for adaptation - environmental values and interests characteristic of adult members of these two cultures differ."