Despite its importance to the quality of life, parks and recreation have not been a major focus of environmental designers. Nor have they been a major area of inquiry among researchers interested in people-environmental interactions. Open space and recreation resource allocation and park design are integral parts of the work of planners and landscape designers involved in master planning and park planning. A major contribution of planning researchers can be in understanding the roles played by accessibility of parks as well as community and environmental factors in influencing the recreation behavior of individuals. The need for recreational planning is inherent in the actual and perceived benefits of recreational activities and facilities to individuals as well as communities. For individuals, physical and mental health are among the most important benefits of outdoor participation (Kaplan and Kaplan, 1982, Ulrich 1991). Several studies have shown that recreation and recreational facilities have a positive impact on the satisfaction with neighborhoods and communities (Allen, 1990, Jeffres and Dobos, 1993).