Waterfront planning and development has become a field in its own right, not unlike historic preservation. The transformation of urban waterfronts often plays a major role in ongoing efforts to restore town and city centers to economic and social health (Breen & Rigby, 1994). Effective town restoration using a waterfront is a form of community building, an approach dedicated to the idea that citizens must take control of their destiny and that of their communities. Community building grows from a vision of how communities function, where community members create institutions that help to achieve their aspirations as well as strengthen community fabric. Many case experiences suggest that citizen-driven initiatives have a greater chance of success because citizens are more aware of the realities of their own community than outside professionals (Sanoff, 2000).