An extensive housing survey was conducted in 874 dwellings in housing estates of upper, middle and lower socio-economic-status (SES) in the central and newly developing suburban areas of Ankara. Dwellings and their neighborhoods were examined by an interdisciplinary team of psychologists, who interviewed the householders, and architects, who evaluated the dwellings and their surroundings. Feelings of personal control over one's social and physical environment appeared as an important determiner of satisfaction with the dwelling and its surroundings. Accordingly, the newly forming suburban areas, relative to the central areas, and the detached houses, relative to apartment flats, were assessed more positively in terms of both physical and social aspects and seemed to provide a more powerful feeling of control to their residents. In terms of SES and gender, the lower SES groups and women reported feeling less power of control over their environments and less satisfaction with their dwellings than upper SES and men, respectively.