"The key issues the paper addresses are the effects of urban regeneration projects in inner urban areas, which have in the past been of a pronounced multicultural character, in the face of the larger dominant (in this case white) institutional and residential character of the central city. It questions whether the current forms of "sustainable" regeneration actually benefit local populations who have lived in such areas for the cultural and socio-economic structures which existed. It also considers the current day social policy planning and marketing motives behind inner city regeneration. By using the two case study areas, "District Six" in Cape Town, and Granby Toxteth (also known as "L8") in Liverpool, it seeks to illustrate two different areas which have some interesting contextual similarities. This serves to highlight the global nature of many of the problems associated with inner cities and also, by showing the clear differences of District Six and L8, the city-specific nature of urban regeneration. The paper concludes by discussing other planning models which could be beneficial to a wider cross-section of today's culturally diverse inner city populations."