The paper deals with the meaning of home in a multicultural society which is undergoing cultural change. Through the analysis of dwellings in Arab villages and Jewish settlements in Israel, the paper reveals the characteristics of the dwelling as a cultural instrument that at the same time serves to preserve traditional values from the past, supply its dwellers with ongoing demands of the present and affords them the conditions to change in the future. By comparing the physical variables of the home in both cultures, the paper points to the differences between them and refers to their roots.