"This paper will present some of the findings from a project funded by the Health Development Agency in the UK on the relationship between social capital, health and gender. This project featured a qualitatively based case study analysis of a socially deprived community in the North West of England (see Sixsmith, Boneham and Goldring, 2001). Putnam's notion of social capital underpinned the research where social capital was loosely defined as "...features of social life - networks, norms and trust- that enable participants to act together more effectively to pursue shared objectives." (Putnam, 1996, p56). Putnam argues that participation in community groups and activities increases the development of social capital (Putnam, 2000) which Campbell et al (1999) suggests has implication for the health and well-being of community members. Moreover, people's relationships with space and place are highly gendered (Spain, 1992). Thus, an understanding of the social construction of health and apparent health inequalities experienced by diverse social groups (Acheson, 1998) needs to take into account the gendered community spaces which contextualise their everyday life."