The topic of this paper is the historical and cultural analysis of the English almshouses, a type of dwelling to shelter the elderly poor. England has a fine heritage of traditional buildings but few have kept their original function, as is the case of almshouses. English almshouses represent a good example of conservation of a specific type of ancient domestic architecture. It is assumed that conservation in architecture should involve not only the protection of buildings from deleterious change, and their repair with the original materials and techniques, when possible, but also the conservation of their original use.