"This paper examines the role of the physical environment in children's development of self-identity. Previous work related to this topic will be reviewed in order to develop a framework for thinking about the role of place in children's self identity. Research in the fields of both environmental and developmental psychology will be reviewed. The concept of self-identity has been linked to the concept of place identity. Place identity is defined as the "substructure of the person's self-identity that is comprised of cognitions about the physical environment that also serve to define who the person is" (Proshansky & Fabian, 1987). Self-identity is not confined to an understanding of how one relates to other people and the boundaries between self and others but also to an understanding of how one relates to one's physical surroundings. In this paper the concepts of self-identity and place identity will be examined with a focus on children."