"This study has been undertaken to put forward the interaction of the ethnic character city with the culture that Sepharic Jews brought from Spain during the migrations to Ottoman Empire, and to bring up the reflections of these interactions to the space by means of the synagogue buildings. The Sepharic Jews settled down on this territory during 16th century, after ¯zmir became an important trade centre among the Western Anatolia ports.1 The Romaniots, the original Jewish population of Anatolia have lived in Izmir since antiquity. During the Byzantine and early Ottoman periods the Jewish presence in this territory continued, but little is known of the community's life, and architecture except the most significant Ancient synagogue ruins that have been found in Sardis. The year 1492 under reign of the enlightened Sultan Beyazid II whose dream it was to make his empire an "umbrella of humanity" 150,000 Sephardim escaped death or conversion under the Edict of Queen Isabella and King Ferdinand of Spain, marked an important revival of Jewish life in the Ottoman Empire, as many of Spain's expelled Sepharic Jews, and later Portuguese Jews, found refuge in the cities like Salonika, Istanbul, and especially ¯zmir of the Ottoman Empire.2 Starting from that day Jewish community played a very important role on this part of landscape until the new migrations that were held from Turkey to the new settled Jewish country Israel during 1950's."