Agricultural landscapes are human controlled and impacted, dominated by vegetation, and therefore, can be placed somewhere between natural and urban landscapes. The appearance of these landscapes that play an important role in many regions and countries, is mainly an expression of technological and economic aspects. Agricultural landscapes in Israel comprise about 49% percent of the cultural/ developed landscapes. They are located mainly in the central and northern parts of the country, and play a major role in the existing open spaces, which are a limited resource. In the past, agriculture and its landscapes played a large and important role in the Israeli economy. Agricultural landscapes were also an important expression of the leading ideology that land cultivation is one of the most important activities in the newly established state. Since the middle of the 1980's, as in many other developed countries, agriculture and its landscapes are in a crisis. On the one hand, the economic role of agriculture is declining, followed by decline in demand for land and abandonment of cultivated lands. On the other hand, due to the increase in population and changes in the economy, there is an increasing demand for land for other uses, such as housing and commerce. These changes are coupled with changes in ideology, and land cultivation is no longer viewed as a noble and important activity.