The typology of the shophouse lies at the basis of development of many Southeast Asian cities. Hanoi is one such example. However, the French colonial power and, after, the communist ruler, created, beside the traditional commercial quarter, new areas with different typologies of shopping environment. In their ways, each had decreased the importance of the old traditional market town. By allowing and even encouraging the reintroduction of the commercial activities in the house, the economic liberalization of Vietnam have, since 1986, not only reaffirmed the importance of this quarter of Hanoi, but it also had created a real renaissance of the shophouse typology throughout the city.