Fear of crime is a major urban stressor. For many urban residents the fear of crime has become one of the main facts of everyday life. It is limiting people's movement and daily activities, certain areas are avoided, people are afraid to go out at night, etc. Fear may have many subjective and social causes, but one potential source of fear may also arise from the design and features of the physical environment. Certain areas evoke higher levels of fear than others. The current study gives a theoretical overview of the multidimensional nature of fear of crime and of the uneven temporal and spatial distribution of fear of crime, examines the factors affecting fear of crime and also the models of perceiving and appraising the features of the physical environment. The empirical part of this study explores the relationships between cognitive-perceptual properties of environments and affective-emotional appraisals of them. This study tries to replicate an experiment conducted by Kazunori Hanyu (1997) in USA, at the Ohio State University.