Although the past 25 years of commons dilemma research has been very productive and generated a number of important findings (Komorita & Parks, 1994), the field would benefit from taking a step back and examining the overall process by which decisions are made, particularly in resource-oriented commons dilemmas, and what implications this has for understanding and changing behavior in this context. We believe that elements of five theoretical or framework approaches that have rarely been applied to the problem would be useful: naturalistic decision making theory (Zsambok & Klein, 1997), image theory (Beach, 1998; Beach & Mitchell, 1987), lens model theory (Brunswik, 1956), grounded theory analysis (Glaser & Strauss, 1967), and social evaluation theory (Gifford, 2000).