In his keynote speech to the IAPS 16th meeting at Paris, Antonio Remesar proclaimed that, «We have tendency to consider the globalization processes and localization processes like two separate realities.» (Remesar, 2000) In addition, we have another tendency to consider the two processes as new phenomena. Cultures are always in a process of change and invention. (Gilman, 1985) This paper argues that architectural globalization was active in the countries of the Gulf area since the middle of the 20th century onward. During the short history of the countries of the Gulf region, the rapid development and change permitted the co-existence of globalization/localization processes to be more evident and magnified than in other parts of the world. The forces of globalization were most evident in the case of Kuwait during the Second Gulf War when the country continued to exist as a virtual country with economic and political entities outside its physical borders due to global interest. This paper discusses the impact of globalization on architecture and the tension between the forces of globalization and localization as exemplified in the case of Kuwait. It focuses on their impact on architecture identity and sense of place.