This paper discusses the notion of spatial analysis within the context of environmental cognition research. It argues that mental representations of environments can be considered as the manner by which we analyze and encode the space in our minds for conducting numerous behavioral tasks. We not only analyze and cognitively represent the space in terms of topological and metric dimensions, but we mentally analyze and organize the environment into meaningful categories as well. For example, Lynch (1960) stated that mental representations of environment involve three processes; identifying the environmental cues, structuring the cues, and understanding the meanings encoded in the cues. Further, Rapoport (1977) pointed out that while the psychological approaches viewed environmental cognition as knowing about the environment, anthropological approaches viewed environmental cognition as making the world meaningful. Nevertheless, the research into the environmental cognition is primarily focused on the spatio-cognitive mapping, and the research into the cognition of environmental meanings is comparatively less common and conceptually less integrated (Silva:2001).