The built and natural environments, the shape of urban and rural settlements, the constitution and nature of neighbourhoods are subject to permanent change. But despite a general trend towards growing closer together and levelling out (Lash & Urry, 1994), substantial differences remain. This is particularly true when comparing urban and rural areas in different European regions. Apart from geological and climatic differences, settlement types, infrastructure, and housing conditions differ widely. These differences clearly affect the quality of life of people. In a study comparing the satisfaction of older adults (men and women aged 55 years and older) with their neighbourhoods in urban and rural regions in five European countries (Finland, Germany, Hungary, Italy, and the Netherlands) we found considerable differences: