"In light of the tremendous threats facing people in contemporary society, especially in cities, efforts must be directed toward developing safe niches that enable comfortable public life. Terrorism can have a chilling impact on public activity, discouraging use of public spaces. Two possible directions are offered by found spaces and by peace parks. Found spaces are places located by people to undertake a variety of activities in sites that were not intended for these uses. They include the steps of public buildings, corners and storefronts in neighborhoods where local people can linger, places in cities located by vendors to sell their wares and the empty lots and interstitial areas that are transformed into play spaces by children and youths. Research has identified some of the reasons why people use these places and major ones are their convenience and safety. Peace parks can be viewed as a form of found spaces. They are appropriated, neutral territories that enable safe use and open discussion. They also can support ecological stability and potential biodiversity. Serving as buffers between contesting spaces, they not only can enable vegetation to survive and flourish, as neutral areas they offer contesting parties a green, "restorative" site for conflict resolution, or at least molification of some of the differences. These two dirctions are not magic solutions to the complex angers and threats that exist. However, they offer grounds for hope and directions that can support and strengthen public life."