South Africa is made up of a large number of distinct ethnic groups with many of these groups coming from specific geographical areas in South Africa. Traditionally economic activities carried out in so-called traditional areas included basket-making, weaving and various other arts and crafts products were made. People tended to undertake a type of subsistence farming - in the main only for their own needs . Cultural traditions were upheld and tended to be reinforced by their way of life. For example, the extended family concept resulted in the sharing of resources, food, clothing, etc. with less disastrous consequences should there be droughts and famine - something which is not uncommon on the African continent. In addition tribal elders and traditional healers provided a social and community service. Traditions were transferred from one generation to the next in village life. More importantly skills, which resulted in the use of sustainable resources were also transferred from generation to generation. Tourists to South Africa can still see people living as they have done for hundred of years. However the customs of these people are disappearing as socalled progress and economic activity interfere with the balance of nature and destroy natural habitat. South Africa is known as the Rainbow Nation because of its diverse cultures, people and heritage.