After disasters, in post-earthquake situations, a very important and serious problem is to make appropriate living environments for the people who have had to be rehoused and relocated. Changing demographics - age, family composition, lifestyles - and economic conditions are also having a profound impact on how we house ourselves. However, little has been undertaken on the success of housing from the point of view of the inhabitants. After earthquakes in Turkey, especially after the Kocaeli earthquake in 1999, we, as researchers and academicians, have had a new and specific post-earthquake context to concentrate on cultural issues related to housing. These issues will be considered in the light of the affected people's responses and their reactions with regard to the cultural factors which influenced them. In the light of this, the meaning of key terms including lifestyles, values, meaning and home will be considered.