The construction of small vernacular gardens accompanied the development of the new Hebrew culture within the land of Israel since the late 19th century. These gardens flourished in the agricultural settlements, as well as in the newly built neighborhoods. They were small, modest, and sometimes even poor, but for their creators as well as for the local establishment and its cultural agents, they were extremely meaningful. This study examines the sources of gardening culture in Pre-State Israel, its development, and the role of the Zionist ideology in promoting this project. By examining diverse and fragmented literary and visual sources, this study portrays the development of the new gardening culture of Pre-State Israel.