"Port Elizabeth is an industrial coastal city; and forms part of the Port Elizabeth, Uitenhage and Despatch metrople. The city went through two phases of rapid development during the first half of the 20th century. However, since then and despite the dawn of the "new" South Africa in 1994, the process of rapid transformation was not matched in Port Elizabeth with major economic investments. Stumbling blocks include a lack of integrated planning, the huge influx of people to the metropole, severe unemployment, unacceptable levels of poverty and a high crime rate. This paper offers an overview of the economic transformations that has taken place since 1994 based on empirical observations starting with macro economic transformations and ending with micro economic transformations with reference to factors influencing location, spatial arrangement and architectural layout."