This research focus on the transactional relationship between people and environment in adverse circumstances The aim of this study is to describe the relationship between single-parent families living in socio-economical precariousness situation and their economic, social and spatial environment. Data from ten single-parent families living in socio-economical precariousness situation were gathered with semi-structured interviews, LOC scale (Rotter, 1966) and time orientation line (Cottle, 1968). Data analysis were carried out with Alceste, a specific software applied to statistical processing of textual data. One of four clusters extracted from the corpus was related to residential aspect. The housing perception of single-parent families living in socio-economical precariousness situation is about (1) qualitative perception of environment (security/insecurity) and (2) social or familial support. Some examples of specific words of this cluster will be done in discussion in order to illustrate the housing perception of those families.