"The results of political changes in the past decade have brought the need for new approaches to urban planning, land use and spatial policy in the Central European cities. One of the important problems is a question of rehabilitation and founding new functions for the former industrial landscape. These areas (founded in the years 1945-1990 often in the centrally located parts of the towns) must be changed, due to the present deep economy evolution and the bankruptcy of the many "heavy", government owned, industrial branches. Nowadays instead of factory plants there is a need for other urban spatial functions created by demand of: housing, commerce, offices, and other public buildings (as schools, cultural institutions)."