South Africa's national parks are inextricably linked with various threads of the history of that country. Inevitably, policies of the post-apartheid government such as land reform have a direct impact on the future and management of the parks. The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the conflicts of interest that are bound up with land claims in the national parks. I argue, by way of detailed case studies, that, contrary to popular perceptions, land reform could be a useful mechanism for long-term environmental goals and national reconciliation.