The natural environment plays an important role in the well-being of children. This study examines the influence of the nearby restorative environment on the well-being of low- and moderate-income rural children. The restorativeness or naturalness of each home was assessed by an independent rater using a restoration scale. Independent of family income level, the restorativeness of the residential environment was found to be predictive of a remarkably wide variety of indicators of children's well-being - including stress hormone levels and measures of mental health. These findings suggest that green opportunities for restoration may be critical to children's well-being. The implications of this study may be particularly critical with respect to the design of urban residential areas for children.