This research aimed at investigating if and how children's memory for external places differed from that for internal places even when they were comparable for size, familiarity and use. Furthermore, this research investigated if children's free recall of a familiar place would differ from its description to another person. Particular attention was devoted in the qualitative analysis of subjects' verbal reports to individuate the use of different retrieval strategies according to different experimental tasks. Results showed that memory for exteriors differs both qualitatively and quantitatively from memory for interiors and that subjects adapt their performance to task demands.