The garden has been a persistent theme, real and metaphorical, in human/ environment relations. Its current devaluation deprives us of a valuable concept and laboratory, Redefinition of the garden in terms of current parson/environment concepts raises immediate issues of theoretical importance to an understanding of human interaction with the natural world. The concept of the garden as a. dialectic of submission/control, rather than as an archetypal expression of a need for nature, is proposed and opportunities for exploration that stem from such a view are discussed.