The focus of this study is an analysis of community perception of coastal erosion risks, attitudes toward adjustments and the perceived role of government in mitigating beach erosion in coastal North Carolina, U.S.A. In general ,community cognition of the causes of erosion and the long-ten effectiveness of various adjustments were in agreement with current scientific research. Respondents were, however, somewhat deterministic in their attitudes toward beach erosion processes, favored nonstructural adjustments over traditional engineering solutions for controlling erosion risk. The research findings suggest that coastal residents have a fairly sophisticated understanding of and attitude toward coastal erosion hazards.