A national examination of local government expenditures within the United States reveals that the largest single category of expenditure regularly concerns the built environment. When one includes the construction, maintenance and demolition of parks, highways, airports, recreation centers, city halls and other local government facilities, one finds an area of public expenditure that, in many localities, exceeds all other expenditures combined. While increasing efforts are being made in local governments to evaluate the outcomes of social program expenditures, practically no attention has been paid to the ability of these expenditures on the built environment to facilitate the achievement of public policy objectives.