This paper discusses theoretical and methodological principles for the study of home environments. It begins with an overview of three predominant interpretations that are commonly used to analyse the relationships between personal behaviour and the built environment. This review includes a discussion of studies that have examined the well-being of residents in different kinds of houses. It becomes clear that generalizations have often been made about the influence of different kinds of houses on the occurence of social pathologies without consideration of group and personal differences, that ought to be considered in terms of goals and values and also in terms of the architectural characteristics of the dwelling units.