It is assumed that the relationship of human beings to their environment is determined by their orientation to the past and their interpretation(s) of the natural environment. For Jews in Israel today, this relationshIp can be traced to the implications of the Zionist ideology as well as to the type of perceptive experience it parented. Moved by aspirations to found a Jewish State, many people left familiar environments in different parts of the world when they immigrated to the Promised Land. As immigrants in a strange, even hostile, landscape, they rejected obvious opportunities for adapting their settlements to the Inherent features of the surroundings - often by literally turning their backs on nature. Sites of recreation and play for children as well as adults are alienated built environments. This is demonstrated in many sites in residential neighborhoods as well as in facilities for recreation. The spontaneous contact with nature has been exchanged for organized and institutionalized out-door activity.