This paper presents the results of a study carried out in Jerusalem in 1984, which examined the implications of living in a residential neighborhood which is geographically separated from the city, on the activities of women as employees and as consumers of services. The hypotheses of the study were based mainly on American studies which had indicated that living in the suburbs poses difficulties for women. The question posed was whether the explanations proposed for their results by the American studies are indeed the major explanation for the obstacles which separated neighborhoods place before women. In order to test the hypotheses, a comparison was made between two Jerusalem neighborhoods: Gilo and Gonen. Gilo is a separated, planned neighborhood whereas Gonen is an inner-city neighborhood, whose growth was almost totally unplanned.