The paper discusses some of the lessons to be learnt from the transfer of British Architectural education into University-level institutions. The first part of the paper describes the background discussions to this move, including the conference held in Oxford in 1958, it explains the continuing criticisms from practice of attempts to give architectural design a basis in theory and it explores two key but conflicting assumptions about the nature of architectural design which were developed in British Universities in the 1960s and 1970s. The second part of the paper introduces two modifications to the traditional teaching method which were developed in the 1980s and argues that these experimental pedagogies may give rise to further insights into practice. For this result alone, the teaching of architecture in Universities should be maintained and developed.