"The quality that we seek In an artefact, a building or an environmentdepend on the time, place and the culture to which we belong. In the post-war period, that culture was heavily influenced by modernism, a school ofthought that is now challenged by new 'post-, neo-, rational and spiritual'ideas and styles. Modernism itself was not only a style: it was also a valuesystem or a world view including life-style, communication and welfare. ItIncorporated a search for honesty and simplicity in architecture and thearts In order to gain an authentic expression of 'our time'. Architecturalmodernism was at its best at the relatively small-scale and mostly failed inthe larger scale of mass housing. Are the ideas behind moderism still valid? In this paper we discuss the qualities and attitudes of small-scale mod-ernist architecture as compared with some some examples of present-daypost-modernism. The nature of modernistic attitudes to architecture willbe analysed by considering the quality criteria employed over the last 25years by the juries and prizewinners of the 'Woodprize' -- a parize givenin Norway to architecture of high technical and artistic quality. These valueswill then be compared with the classical-nostalgic' view of Prince Charles,the dialectically 'populist-spiritual' view of community architect RodHackney, and the 'artistic-revolutionary' view of the Austrain architecturalgroup 'Coop Himmelblau'. I finish by asking if architectural quality is aquestion of authenticity in contrast to fakery, facadism and pastiche.Authenticity is a quality that stems from the development of traditional ar-chitecture, from experiments with ecological, aesthetic, technical, so-cial or economic approaches to gain new knowledge, and from artistic endea-vours that break with all conventions and norms. It is not captured bymanipulation of form but stems from a genuine interst in cultures and inpeople's lives, a deep respect for place and the earth in both social, aes-thetic and ecological terms, and a knowledge of how to undertake architec-ture. In this respect, I argue that the core of modernist values did not lie inquestions of fashion or form but stemmed from and authenticity arisingfrom a true engagemen in "today's" and "tomorrow's" porbiems and needs,ideas and dreams of the future."