"This paper outlines major influences of the changes that have occured inSaudi Arabia since the discovery of oil, on the traditional settlements in theEastern Privlnce. Furthermore, an educational experince is presented inwhich students attempt to blend local tradition with universal design prin-ciples. The sudden increase in national and individual affluence has resultedin "fracturing" of tradition. People's attitudes toward traditional buildingsalso changed. Old dwellings are often seen to represent poverty and bacward-ness1. The emergence of contemporary institutions and public buildings tohouse these institutions, and the introduction of the automobile created anew scale in the built environment. The visual image of the towns and vil-lages rapidly changed with the new grid street pattern. New roads oftendamaged the grain of traditional urban texture and replaced traditional cul-de-sac's and public open spaces. Courtyard houses were replaced by villaswith much larger individual lot sizes produding lower densities. This , inturn, resulted In the loss of social interaction in the community.Fifth (final) year students in the College of Architecture and Planning atKing Faisal University were asked to investigate change and tradition withintheir communities and to produce designs reponsive to tradition. The com-prehensive final project was based on a research and programming docu-ment that contained the results of student's analysis of the physical and so-cio-cultural characteristics of the infill site. Community facilities whichwere needed at the site were identified and the functional, spatial and formalrequirements for these facilities were determined, before going into the de-sign of a pre-conceived building type. As a case study for this paper, one of the student projects in presented interms of its objectives, methodology of analysis and design. North Al-Ritaresidential quarter in Al-Hofuf was analyzed and a number of communityfacilities needed in the site were designed within the objectives of thecourse. Proposed facilities consisted of infill housing, a recreational centerfor men, shops, an open Thursday market, parking areas, an educational andrecreational center for women, a nursery and a clinic for the community."