"The physical environmental dimension is overlooked in the migration liter-ature: Despite the focus on squatter settlements, there has been very littleresearch on rural-urban migrants who live in apartment neighborhoods.Although economic status is found to influence the experiences of migrantsin the city, no in-depth research exists which compares wealthy migrantsto poor migrants. Since the first appearance of squatter settlements, therehave been changes in those areas, some of them being replaced by apartmentblocks. Yet, we do not know much about this physical transformation and itsmeaning for the residents.The project is hypothesis-generating (Glaser & Strauss, 1967) approach torural-urban migrants in Ankara, Turkey. It investigates changes in thelives of migrants in the course of time in the city and asks whether mi-grants (urban villagers") become urban or stay as rural (, 1978;Mangin, 1970; Abu-Lughod, 1961). Its goal is, by grounding in data, to de-velop a conceptual framework for understanding the role of(i) the physical environmental dimension in general and squatter!apartment residence in particular (lower- and middle-class apartmentresidence), and(ii) time in the process of migrants' becoming "urban" and "modernTM. It ex-plores changes in the interaction of migrants with particular attention be-ing paid to their residential history, namely, the nighborhoods and type ofhouses they have been living in the city. The project also obtains migrants'definitions of modern and rural/urban persons and their self-definitions inthese terms. Three issues, namely, modernism/traditionalism, urban ism/ruralism andsocio-economic status define the framework of the study. The question isposed regarding the meaning for migrants of living in (i) the city, and in(ii) lower- and middle-class apartment neighborhoods and squatter settle-ments and whether the desire to become "modern" and "to achieve higherstatus are signigicant issues in the lives of migrants in general and in theirapartment/squatter residences in particular.The project employs ethnographic research techniques. Data are gatheredthrough participant observation and formal and informal interviews(Spradley , 1980) during my stay at "cukurca", a squatter settlementwhich faces the high-rise "modern" apartment blocks of "Gazi Osman Pasa",creating a marked contrast, and during my frequent visits to "Bacilar", anewly developing apartment environment, still with squatter houses aroundand to "Seyran", a mixed squatter and apartment environment which willsoon totally be replaced by apartment blocks. "Esat" is included into theproject as a middle class residential area. Observations are made on the in-teraction of migrants with their environment as well as on the way theypresent themselves (Goffman, 1959). Interviews are carried out with theresidents, the focus being on a group of migrant households which shares asimilar residential history: they rented squatter houses at "Seyran" close toeach other, built their squatter houses on the same plot at "cukurca", andtwo of them bougt apartments and moved to "Bacilar", whereas one house-hold still lives at "Qukurca". The relarives adn neighbors of this group arepotential participants of the study (40 persons)."