"The study discusses issues of identity and change as exemplified in thedwelling forms on Amorgos, and island which forms part of the Cycladic Ar-chipelago in the southeastern Aegean. Identity is searched among thosedwelling types that best reflect the attitude of the islanders towards spaceduring the early years of settlement growth on Amorgos, the years of a sub-sistence agriculture. Socio-economec changes due to the Ottoman conquest in1538 AD, led to the evolution of new or modified urban types while culturalidentity was preserved in the rural areas through persistence in the oldformal models adn adaptation of the imported ones to the local building tech-niques.Amorgos is one of the remotest islands of the Cyclades, very long and narow,exposed to strong winds and surrounded by stormy sea- The limited agricul-tural potential, due to Amorgos' rocky terrain, was further restricted byrepeated natural disasters, such as earthquakes, and man- made activitiessuch as colonization and piracy. Main conquerors have been the Romans, theLatins and the Ottomans. The towns of Amorgos followed the defensive mou-tainous type, common in the Aegean, while, due to the lack of arable land andthe need to preserve it, the houses were of the "monospito" type: Single-cell, single floor units, very long and narrow, their entrance from the nor-row side through an open courtyard. A special wooden structure, theNapocrevatos for sleeping and storing, the cooking area called sparastiawand the bread-baking oven, the "fournos", were main features of the mono-spite which had no interior walls. Similar types, to be discussed, were foundin the rural areas while more complex variations were produced throughvertical and horizontal combination of the monospito. The island's natural evolution was disrupted in the sixteenth century due toan influx of settlers as a result of the Ottoman conquest as well as due to amajor shift in the economic orientation of the islanders with their gradualintegration into Mediterranean commerce. Trade and navigation were con-tributing factors in transforming the towns from communities based onprimary production to more sophisticated formations based on trade andnavigation. Elaborate building types, the archontika, the upper class build-ing forms of Ottoman continental Greece were imported on Amorgos and be-came dominant in its major towns.Nevertheless, the imported style was well adapted to fit the local buildingtechniques adn new dwelling types arose at the crossroads of the two archi-tectural lines. Their derivatives were welcomed in both urban and rural ar-eas of the island while, at the some time, the older formal models continuedbeing built in the villages of Amorgos where the same elementary functionalconsidirations of pre-industriel communities remained unchanged."