This study deals with human communities in the context of neighborhoods. Itinvestigates the traditional and current neighboring activities in Turkey andevaluates the spatial characteristics of the neighborhoods for the purpose ofmaking contributions to future planning proposals.There are three major obligations when dealing with human communities.One has to understand how communities operate, why they operate as the do,and finally to formulate opinion about the way they could best operate.Most traditional communities are structured in a way that gives free ex-pression to their own wishes. There are other communities however, thatunder the impact of physical structure are not operating in the way theywish but in the way they are forced to by the surroundings. The neighbor-hood which is the smallest unit operating in the city above the level of fami-ly is one such sociospatial entity.There are conceptual and methodological difficulties, however, confrontingthe researcher engaged in neighborhood studies, resulting from several factors: 1) Conceptual ambiguity, concerning the terms neighbor, neighboring andneighborhood.2) Contradictory research evidence based on ambigous assumptions and in-struments.3) The problem of rapid social and physical changes upsetting the tradition-al balance between neighbors and neighborhoods. To avoid these pitfalls, thisstudy adopts three important conceptual distinction:1) The neighbor is a special role implying a particular kind of social atti-tude to be distinguished from the role of a friend or relative.2) Neighboring activities associated with this role range from highly for-malized and regular neighborly rituals to sporadic informal and causal con-tacts.3) The neighborhood is either clearly demarcated spatial unit with vaguelydefined subpart of a town or city whose boundaries are only vaguely appar-ent and differently perceived by its inhabitants.1In line with these definitions this study dwells upon six neighborhoods,varying in terms of spatial configuration of territory and demographicstructure of inhabitants. It deliberately covers a range which reflects thechanges the neighborhoods underwent in the course of historical develop-ments, in Turkey. These spatial units, either with definite or vague bounda-ries are precisely defined by their physical properties which are groupedunder twenty-four headings. The physical properties range from the floortreatment, general topography and micro-climate of space to the municipal-ity laws and legislations conformed to in the realization of boundaries ofneighborhood territories.In this context, neighboring activities between neighbors are studiedthrough behavior mapping techniques at the behavior-setting level; andqualitative and quantitative aspects of neighboring activities are depicted.The social and cultural chracteristics of the inhabitonts as well as attitudetoward neighboring are investigated by the questionnaires, on a random ba-sis. Finally, the neighborhoods are compared and contrasted in the degree of in-tensity, traditionality and desirability of neighboring activities they elicit.Those which rank high in the comparison are brought fore and further ana-lyzed for their conduciveness with regards the spatial properties as theymay be the underlying causes of the desired level of neighboring relations.