"This paper is based on a thesis titled People, Form and Functionalism. OnGeneral and Generic Aspects in Public Architecture, where primarly earlyfunctionalism and its conceptions of society are discussed, and present asketch of the implications on architectural space.The thesis starts with a social and architectural study of history. In the lightof the traditions and their change during the bourgeois revolution in Europe,the architectural conceptions of public buildings and places are penetrated.These conceptions are found to be built up on two complexes of notationswhich apparently seem contradictory. One of them imagines society whithoutany concrete collectivity at all, while the other instead imagines society asbased on small communities. They correspond, in the debate on architecture,on the one side with ideals associated with the liberty of action in metropo-lis-anonymity and on the other with the civic sense of a village or smalltown community.The thesis ends with a discussion where modernism within architecture issaid to be a movement, which looked upon the ideal society as a kind of ab-straction, free from control, and based on "rational" and "objective" plan-ning by experts. Man should be set free, but a new, inapparent, confinementwas created in the communal constellations, which had to be arranged"behind the scenes" in an attempt to ignore the presence of power.In the light of theory-development after the functionalism's break-throughWe argue that the conceptions of society in "postmodernism" has notchanged. We would like to stress that another development of architecture ispossible, one that builds on a democratic tradition different from those Ihave pointed out earlier. The notation-complex of this tradition is neither based on illusions about local nor cosmopolitan harmony. It assumes a cornprehensive thinking built on both individual and collective independence,but with universal responsibility for the public.This way of thinking leads to a discourse which should emphasize both theprincipal difference between the individual and the corporate actor or agent,and the manysided relations of community with open and evident power-relations. It should then emphasize the concrete, non-harmonic character ofthe public, too. This way of thinking also leads to an architecture with dif-ferent relations between part and whole as well as between independence andsubordinance.After the completion dissertation I have come to, so far, that it is importantto study the connections between space and place and relate them to the con-cepts of borders and apartrnentations. Here we will discuss territoriality asa power-related strategy and the idea of open space in the history of moder-nity, as well as Genius Loci and postmodern concepts of place. Then follows apenetration of ethnical, local and private domains in relation to the dream ofan open and universal society. A sketch of a theory of how to handle spatialrelations and their border implications in architecture will finally be pre-sented."