"Space has beend sadly neglected by mainstream sociology in the present cen-tury, although the "geographical school" was prominent in the previous one,and despite the tact that important insights in this tied can be found in thewritings of some of the founding fathers of modern sociology, especially inSimmel and Durkheim.Since the '70, there seems to have been a renewed interest in this dimensionof social reality, thanks to a series of separate developments, like a) thegrowth of space-related branches of sociology (urban and rural sociologythe sociology", of urban and regional planning "social ecology", etc): b) thedecline of the structural-functional approach to social systems, and thegrowth of quite different approaches, like the evolutionary-ecological andthe phenomenological ones.The proposed paper, of conceptual-theoreticalnature, advances a set of distinctions and typologies (taxonomies) that aredeemed useful for the clarification and analysis of the socio-spatial phe-nomena: a) the distinction between "space" "terriotory" "place","environment", etc; b) the distinction among the several "scales" of com-munity" (from the indivitual and the room to humankind and the planet,through small communities, regions, nation-states, etc): c) the distinctionbetween the several "types" of social space, beyond the simple dichotomlza-tions of physical-symbolic, geographical-sociological real-perceived, etc..Building on the work of E. Cassirer, C. Norberg Schuls, Y-fu Tuan and oth-ers, we suggest a taxonomy of ethological, personal, lived-, symolic, eco-logical, and organizational spaces; d) the distinction of several socio-spatlalstructures (or forms in Kantian sense, or qualites in Simmel's): the center,the boundaries, verticality (up and down), front-and back, laterality(right and left), distance (near and far), North-south, East-west, territo-ry, door, bridge, etc.: e) further, we suggest a taxonomy of spatial models ofsociety implicity in most sociological thinking (anthropomorphism, map,grid, amoeba, chart, blocdiagram, network, criss-crossing circles, concen-tric circles, pyramid, ladder, atc.). Finnaly, the possibility of developing a set of theoretical propositions con-cerning the relationships between space and society (or the spatial dimen-sion of society) is explored."