Retreiving and recycling the artifacts of culutural heritage for differentuses, ranging from adaptive use to display, is a social and culutural obliga-hon. In the realm of architectural past, specifically, this act may be more ofan economic necessity in cases which involve housing stock in historic coresor designated districts of an urban environment. Salvaging and rehabilitat-ing an act with a cultural agenda but a political one with economic ramifica-tions. White political and economic structures of a society constitute themain thrust for the nature of rehabilitation, it is the ideological stance thatguides concrete attitudes and provides orientation and expresses a collectivewill, or lack of it, reveling (or concealing) what lies beneath the appearance. Regeneration of housing environments, in particular, through restorationand recycling involves not only the present occupants of buildings and theagencies, both at decision and technical levels, but more importantly thosewho will be the future inhabitants after the curatorial intervention. Relatedto this, more specifically, is the question whether this act of regenerationwill lead to a redifferentiation of the cultural, social nd economic landscape,namely gentrification. Restructuring of cultural landscape and personaliza-tion of the architectural form through commodifiction leads to displacementand social differentation; this has been the case in instances attemptihg toreshape residential environments with the guiding power of capitalism inmarket economies where the exchange value of the dwelling has taken asharp rise following the preservation act for adaptive use. On the otherhand, if restructuring of cultural landscape, even with personolization ofthe architectural form, is done without turning the environmentalproductsinto commodities, the result is that tere is no displacment, therefore no so-cial or economical diffrentiation; restoration projects, where in the process of commodification has been controlled in favor of the use value, emphasiz-lng the social aspect rather than the narrowly defined economics, are exam-pies of this nature.Restructuring residential environments for adaptive use will be discussed,with examples from both categories, In a theoretical framework of produc-tion, distribution and class relations. Mexican War Streets in Pittsburgh,USA and the Museum Towns of Berat and Gjirokaster in Albania will be elab-orated in detail and parallels will be drawn between these and other exam-ples elsewhere.