The period from 1973 to 1983 occupies a special place in Turkey's relatively long history of the care and conservation of cultural property for anumber of reasons. Perhaps the first and foremost of these was the enactment, in 1973, of the Antiquities Law numbered 1710 (Eski Eserler Kanuflu) the provision of which, at least in theory, broadened the coverage ofconservation decisions to embrace the examples and ensembles of the traditional vernacular buildings. However, despite the officially initiated pilot schemes mostly undertaken bythe universities to lead the way, as it were, the number of practical implementation of conservation proposals during the decade remained far fromsatisfactory. What is more, the years from 1973 to 1983 also witnessed arather swift disappearance of countless fine examples of traditional vernacular houses in many parts of the country and, pradoxically enough, especially in settlement which contained conservation areas (am designated under the provisions of the 1710. An overview of the ten years during which the Antiquities Law numbered1710 remained in force may therefore point to a variety of conclusions thatwould be value, at least academically, for future reference. This paper attempts at a summary evaluation of the said Law primarily interms of a) the general statutory framework that existed then, b) the particular shotcomings of the enactment itself, c) the attitude of the Turkishpublic at the time, and d) the present and future prospects of conserving theremaining stock of the once rich tradtional/historical vernacular buildingsinthe country.