The objectives of this paper, by approaching to the period of Ottoman Em-pire from the point of a spatial fromework, are-to reveal that Turkish cities have been developed in accordance with theorganization of the institution of wakf and 'imaret' system,- to try to show the meanings of service buildings for the city as an entityand their places inthe context of the entire settlement, to prove that the Turkish City of Ottoman Period has had a peculiar struc-ture.In order to do this, the principles set and applied for the constitution of themacroform of Turkish cities of Ottoman period at their settlement and de-velopment stages are anayzed as related with the following subjects:• spatial organization of Turkish City of Ottoman Period,• the institutional organizational level that has influenced the urban struc-ture (Wakf/'imaret' system),• the hierarchy of quarter/neighbourhood unit ('semt') depending on thesphere of influence of community facility buildings,• the relation between the complex ('kulliye') and city entity.The findings ofthe study can be summarized in the following way:At the stage of broadening the boundaries of the country towards West, inrelation to expansion policy of Ottoman State, a systematic approach hasbeen applied to develop the important strategic cities as administrative,commerical, cultural or regional centers. Thus, the Turkish City of OttomanPeriod.Turks have developed a settlement model in the process of transition to thesettled living order; andthis model is distinguished from Islamic City.Among the organizations founded to satisfy common necessities of urban cit-izens, the institution of wakf performed an important role for the develop-ment of Turkish City of Ottoman Period as a peculiar system. This argumentis searched through,the functions of vakif institution and 'imaret'system,the relationship between 'imaret' system and the creation and developmentof urban patterns. There is a hierarchy in Turkish cities of Ottoman period from the structuralpoint of view. This hierarchy has been revealed bythe location of community facilties, andthe scale of these facilties (small service buildings/complexes).According to thishaving first step service buildings at their centers, the quarters haveformed the neghbourhood unit,having complexes at their centers, the neighbourhood units have formedthe settlement.Complexes have been organized within a framework of a socio-economic in-stitution of the city complex. The functions of complexes areleading the development of the city by location choices (the targets havebeen showed for the housing areas by determining potential settlement areasaround the old fortified settlement),• determination of the macroform of the settlement (the nucleus of the quar-ters and the neighbourhoods has been defined guaranteering the developmentof the city through desired direction).This is not causal and unordered development of the city. The general settle-ment form of the Turkish City of Ottoman Period was determined by apply-ing the leading principles and vital organs of the settlement.