Karl Popper in On the Sources of Knowledge and Ignorance (1960), reminds that epistemological questions are not practically irrelevant as Hunie suggested. Following Kant, he attributes significant consequences to epistemological positions, and draws attention to the role played, for instance, by the Baconian ideas in the history of philosophy, science, politics and the visual arts. Epistemological positions are consequential because they are inspired by interests and dreams, and are propounded by those who share them. It was Francis Bacon's ,multifarious will to power, and the utopian dream of the New Atlantis (1624), that inspired his epistemological stance and the project which has been carried out by the Baconians. The aim of this project, of The Great Iristauration, is to redeem the state of man fallen from the heavens and to re-establish the lost paradi se, the Garden, on the erth. It teaches how to disclose the secrets of the goddess Natura and to achieve dominion over it, and to enlarge the bonds of the 'Human Empire'. Relying on magical traditions more than the tradition of the classical sciences, Bacon argues that we can commandnature only by obeying her. This is why Baconians have had an ambivalent attitude towards nature: it has been the object of domination and surrender, exploitation, and deification. In fact, as Horkheimer and Adorno reminded in the Dialectic of Enlightenment (1944), 'men have always had to choose between their subjection to nature or the subjection of the nature to the Self', and the Baconians have strived for both. In this study some striking parallels between the seventeeth century background of the Baconian program and the so-called postmodern condition is emphasized, and it is argued that, while postempiricist positions tend to hold responsible the iconoclastic modernity of Bacon, and of the Enlightenment, for the present environmental crisis, in fact, they share the Baconian aspiration to restitute the lost unity between man and nature, and the c,magical or tribal or organic society. This same aspiration fulfilled in the New Atlantis, seems to characterize a multitude of political, scientific, artistic, and architectural endeavors in Europe to instaure human dominion over nature. Understanding Bacon's conception of nature may explain why the postmodern misology, which is seemingly a response to the irremediable environmental and cultural transformations stimulated by the relentless pursuit of knowledge as power, may only lead to misantrophy and further exploitation of the earth.